Shaping knowledge can be about providing information to increase knowledge on a healthy lifestyle (e.g. information about portion sizes), or about giving instructions on how to perform a certain behaviour. The technique can also be applied by providing information on social and environmental situations, events, emotions or thoughts that have been shown to predict the performance of a behaviour. The aim is that clients incorporate this knowledge into their own lives and feel empowered to make the necessary changes.
Note that the dietitian explains to Eric that alcoholic drinks are relatively high in calories and that doing exercise is an alternative way of releasing stress.
See how the dietitian first enquires whether Alice is comfortable to receive information on how to better plan cooking meals at home, to then continue with various tips on how to organise herself.
Look how the dietitian explains to Queenie that by increasing the fruits and vegetables in her diet she lowers fat and increases her fibre consumption. She continues with some practical tips.
See how the dietitian explains to Brian that the dietary recommendations are aimed at the general public and they may not apply the same to each individual. She also provides some guidance on how to increase the calorie content of his diet.
Look how the dietitian clarifies that fruits and vegetables, although low in calories, contain important nutritions for good health. They should be part of the diet, even if weight gain is required.